Publish with Travis

In this section, we’re going to learn how to configure Travis so you can publish your microsite when you merge in master.

There are two options for publishing the site. See Configuring the Microsite section for more information.

Publish using sbt-ghpages

When the property micrositePushSiteWith is set to GHPagesPlugin (by default), the site is pushed using the sbt-ghpages plugins. The steps for this approach are:

1- Generate an SSH key pair

Run this command in your console

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "Travis Deploy Key" -f travis-deploy-key

After that, you’ll see two new files in your folder: travis-deploy-key and

Note: If you are creating the keys in your project, maybe you should add these files to your .gitignore file.

2- Add key to GitHub Project

Add the content of in the Deploy Key section of the GitHub project’s settings page.

Navigate to Settings > Deploy Keys. Make sure you allow write access in order to push in this repository.

3- Encrypt your keys

Travis needs the keys for publishing the microsite in gh-pages branch. It’s very important that you encrypt your keys using the travis command line. You have to install Travis:

$ gem install travis

Note: An important thing to remember is that you can only have one file encrypted in Travis. If you need more keys, you should use tar for joining your different keys. In our example, we are only going to use the key

We have to encrypt the travis-deploy-key file, and we have to add the encrypted file to GitHub.

First, we must be logged into Travis:

$ travis login

Secondly, encrypt the file:

$ travis encrypt-file travis-deploy-key travis-deploy-key.enc

You are going to see the following response:

encrypting travis-deploy-key for [org]/[project]
storing result as travis-deploy-key.enc

Please add the following to your build script (before_install stage in your .travis.yml, for instance):

    openssl aes-256-cbc -K $encrypted_[your_number]_key -iv $encrypted_[your_number]_iv -in travis-deploy-key.enc -out travis-deploy-key -d

Pro Tip: You can add it automatically by running with --add.

Make sure to add keys.tar.enc to the git repository.
Make sure not to add keys.tar to the git repository.
Commit all changes to your .travis.yml.

Finally, add the encrypted file to your git:

$ git add travis-deploy-key.enc

4- Configure your .travis.yml

Our recommendation is that you should use Bash Scripts and run the script when you merge the changes in master.

This is the .travis.yml in sbt-microsite project:

language: scala
- 2.12.10
- oraclejdk8
- if [ "$TRAVIS_BRANCH" = "master" -a "$TRAVIS_PULL_REQUEST" = "false" ]; then bash
  scripts/; fi
- rvm use 2.6.5 --install --fuzzy
- gem install jekyll -v 4
- sbt ++$TRAVIS_SCALA_VERSION test scripted
- if [ "$TRAVIS_BRANCH" = "master" -a "$TRAVIS_PULL_REQUEST" = "false" ]; then bash
  scripts/; fi
- if [ "$TRAVIS_PULL_REQUEST" = "true" ]; then echo "Not in master branch, skipping
  deploy and release"; fi

You can see that, before we install, we run, then we install jekyll, and, finally, we are running

Next, you can see the script:


openssl aes-256-cbc -K $encrypted_[your_number]_key -iv $encrypted_[your_number]_iv -in travis-deploy-key.enc -out travis-deploy-key -d;
chmod 600 travis-deploy-key;
cp travis-deploy-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa;

The most important thing here is the openssl command. You should use the command that you receive as a response when you encrypt the file using the travis command above.

In this script, we decrypt the keys and copy .ssh to the folder in order to publish it in GitHub later.

Next, you can see the script:

set -e

git config --global "your_user_email"
git config --global "your_user_name"
git config --global push.default simple

sbt docs/publishMicrosite

In this script, we are publishing the microsite in GitHub Pages. To do this, we should add the user information for git.

Publish using GitHub4s

With this method, you don’t need to generate any ssh keys or encrypt any files. We’ll use the GitHub API for publishing the site. The steps are:

1- Create a token for your project

You need to create a GitHub token with repo scope. You can create it in the GitHub settings page.

Copy the token in a safe place. We’ll use this token through an environment variable as we’ll see shortly.

2- Configure your project build

You need to set these two sbt settings:

micrositePushSiteWith := GitHub4s
micrositeGithubToken := getEnvVar("GITHUB_TOKEN")

3- Add the environment variable in Travis

The final step is to define the GITHUB_TOKEN environment variable in Travis Repository Settings. You can do it following the documentation.